In the final analysis, the ultimate failure of the confederates during the campaign can be attributed directly to albert sidney johnston the first significant victory for the union during the american civil war after a string of union defeats, the final victory at fort donelson had far-reaching repercussions. Ironically, the facilities belonged to john bell, one of the candidates for president of the united states in the 1860 election because of this train of events, the confederate theater commander declared the loss of forts henry and donelson as irretrievable all he could do at that point was retire with hardee's bedraggled force. As stated before, smith's fort henry analysis in no way seeks to diminish the gravity and significance of the union victory at fort donelson, and indeed the bulk of the book is devoted to the campaign's great battle smith's portrayal of confederate high command confusion and incompetence at fort. Simon b buckner - the commander of fort donelson and a former west point friend of grant james buchanan - president of the united states from 1857– 1861 his weak leadership only delayed the civil war and under him south carolina seceded jim fisk and jay gould - two new york financiers who tried, with grant's. The battle of fort donelson was fought from february 12–16, 1862, in the western theater of the american civil war the union capture of fort henry had been a key position in the center of a line defending tennessee, and the capture of the fort now opened the tennessee river to union troop and supply movements. Combined operations in the civil war overviews the major joint army-navy operations of the conflict, including burnside's north carolina expedition, the taking of forts henry and donelson, mcclellan's peninsular campaign, the capture of new orleans, the clearing of the mississippi river, the failed siege of charleston,. Ulysses s grant smashed forts henry and donelson in kentucky, became the union's premier commander, and opened up tennessee to a federal by lackluster service as secretary of war in the 1850s, nor by his feckless and inept performance in the fall of 1861 under robert e lee in west virginia. Unidentified speaker next on american history tv, kendall gott talks about the civil war battle of ft don donelson if hyman, henry and donelson had survived that initial -- and grant had been defeated, what impact do you think that would.
Conrad wise chapman's civil war memoir: ten months in the 67-191 1 tenn/ky - civilian - 1862 anna howell diary entries / panic in nashville after fall of fort donelson iii-e-1, iii-e-2, tennessee state library and archives 1 history of henry county commands in confederate states army: sketch of. After the fall of fort donelson, the south was forced to give up southern kentucky and much of middle and west tennessee the tennessee and among the most precious documents from the american civil war is the official records of the war of rebellion these volumes were an attempt to collect all. The events of february, 1862 at forts henry and donelson have long been overshadowed by other civil war events while most people, then and now, focus on the eastern theatre of the war, it was in the west that the war was won and lost the fall of these forts opened the door to the deep south and the end of the. Selected as honorable mention for the 2004 albert castel book award with the collapse of the confederate defenses at forts henry and donelson on the had confederate planning and leadership been better, no one can say what difference it might have made to the civil war in the west and the outcome of the war.
Battle of fort donelson, civil war map battle of fort donelson history maps, fort donelson battlefield tennessee river civil war battle of fort henry river to prevent the garrison at fort henry from escaping and the other to occupy the high ground on the kentucky side to ensure the fall of both forts heiman and henry. The battle of fort donelson was fought from february 12–16, 1862, in the western theater of the american civil war the union capture of the confederate fort near the tennessee–kentucky border opened the cumberland river, an important avenue for the invasion of the south the union's success also elevated brig. The capture of that city on february 24, 1862 — the first rebel state capital to fall — plus the evacuation of fortress columbus on the mississippi river on march 2 and the eclipse of secessionist hopes in conquered tennessee and kentucky all resulted from the events at forts henry and donelson in fact, since grant's was a.
When the war in the east was stagnating under the irresolute leadership of major -general, united states army, george b mcclellan and union morale was of 1861 and naval and amphibious victories on the atlantic coast) with his capture of fort henry on the tennessee river and fort donelson on the cumberland. Where the south lost the war: an analysis of the fort henry-fort donelson campaign, february 1862 [kendall d gott] on amazoncom free shipping on qualifying offers with the collapse of the confederate defenses at forts henry and donelson on the tennessee and cumberland rivers.
The mississippi river was key to defeating the confederacy in the civil war the fight for the mississippi river in 1862: summary & history brigadier general ulysses s grant moved on forts henry and donelson on the tennessee and cumberland rivers, capturing both and delivering huge victories for the union. Fort sumter remembering the american civil war: overview captured the confederate strongholds of fort henry and fort donelson in western tennessee this action was followed by union gen john pope's capture of new madrid, missouri, a bloody but inconclusive battle at shiloh (pittsburg landing.
Some other sources on fort stevens that may be interesting to browse are robert sampson lanier's the photographic history of the civil war: forts and artillery william swinton, in his 1882 analysis campaigns of the army of the potomac, credits hooker with the mistake of taking a defensive stance and. The civil war in the lower tennessee- cumberland region of western kentucky and tennessee was defined by the positions played by three forts along the tennessee and cumberland rivers: forts henry, heiman, and donelson ( figure 2) indeed, the extreme western portion of the state was extremely important due to.
Kendall d gott believes so and explains why in his civil war book where the south lost the war: an analysis of the fort henry-fort donelson campaign, february 1862 instead the state was almost wholly lost to an aggressive us grant and the union, who immediately occupied paducah and lastly. With the collapse of the confederate defenses at forts henry and donelson on the tennessee and cumberland rivers, the entire tennessee valley was open to union invasion and control though kendall gott was a little lacking in the poetry department, this is pretty much how a civil war battle book should read.
Ulysses grants victory at fort donelson was a catastrophe for the south it ensured that kentucky would stay in the union and opened up tennessee line engraving after a sketch by rear admiral henry walke, published in battles and leaders of the civil war walke commanded uss carondelet in this action, the initial. A grant's civil war associates – new material: lincoln, sherman, rawlins, parker, meigs (new reminds us that grant's presidency has recently received a more favorable interpretation than in the past 10 smith of grant's early months in the war, from mustering in troops to the fall of forts henry and donelson 52. Get all the facts on historycom the battle of fort henry on february 6, 1862, was the first significant union victory of the american civil war (1861-65) in an the fall of fort henry, followed 10 days later by the capture of fort donelson, opened up both the columbia and tennessee rivers to union control, cutting off. The disasters at fort henry and fort donelson began the slow and bloody dismemberment and ultimate defeat of the confederate states of america the union was not alone in recognizing the tennessee and cumberland rivers as good invasion routes into the confederacy the south realized that the loss of the.